Tuesday, April 22, 2014

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group R-4 Occupancy

Group R-4: (Residential)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) and automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.)

Pull Station Requirements:

·         Pull stations at all exits
·         Travel distance to any pull station cannot exceed 200 feet

“Exceptions”
·         Pull stations are not required if the facility is two stories or less in height and all individual sleeping units and contiguous attic and crawl spaces to the sleeping units are separated from one another and public/common spaces by a minimum of 1-hour partitions.  Each sleeping unit must also have a direct exit to a public way, egress court or yard.
·         Pull stations are not required to be installed when ALL of the following conditions exist:
o   The Group R-2 facility is equipped with an automatic sprinkler system
o   The occupant notification systems will activate upon sprinkler water flow
o   A minimum of one pull station shall be installed in an area approved by the local AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction)
·         Manual fire alarm boxes at exits in sleeping units shall not be required if manual pull boxes are located at all care providers’ stations or other approved staff locations.  Note: the pull stations must be visible/accessible and the travel distance to any pull box shall not exceed 200 feet.

UL 268 Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

·         Smoke detection shall be provided for corridors, waiting areas open to corridors and habitable spaces other than sleeping units and kitchens.
“Exceptions”
·         If the building is protected by an automatic sprinkler system, smoke detection is not required in habitable spaces.
·         Smoke detection is not required in buildings without interior corridors serving the sleeping units.  This is predicated on the sleeping units having a means of egress door opening that leads directly to an exit.

UL 216 Smoke Alarm Requirements:

Single or multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed in all of the following areas:
·         On the ceiling or wall outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of bedrooms.
·         In every room used for sleeping purposes.
·         On every level of the dwelling unit including the basement.  This does not include crawl spaces or uninhabitable attics.  If the dwelling unit has split levels without a separation door then a smoke alarm shall be installed on the upper level predicated on the distance between the split levels being less than one full story.

Notification Requirements:

520 Hz low frequency sounders shall be installed in all sleeping areas.  Horns can be provided in common areas including but not limited to corridors, public restrooms, elevator lobbies, etc.  Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Note:  “Licensed” R-2.1 occupancies have a required amount of handicap accessible rooms that need to be provided with visible appliances.  This requires sounder/strobes, horn/strobes or speaker/strobes in the sleeping rooms and living rooms as well as a strobe in the restrooms.  Keep in mind that the strobe located in sleeping areas shall be 110 candela if the top of the lens is greater than or equal to 24 inches from the ceiling.  If the top of the lens is 23 inches or closer to the ceiling you shall provide a setting of 177 candela. ** These visible alarms shall activate upon system smoke detectors or single or multiple station smoke alarms.
** Use the ADA Room tool found in the main menu of this application to determine the quantity of accessible rooms you need to include in your design.

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.
Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Sleeping Area Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds or a minimum of 75 dB whichever is greater.

Fire Alarm Requirements for Licensed R-2.1 Occupancy

Group R-2.1 “Licensed”: (Residential)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

If the “Licensed” R-2.1 facility houses more than six non-ambulatory, elderly clients shall be equipped with a manual and automatic fire alarm system.
Pull Station Requirements:

·         Pull stations at all exits
·         Travel distance to any pull station cannot exceed 200 feet

UL 268 Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

·         Smoke and/or heat detectors installed throughout

If ALL of the following conditions exist then the facility can be provided with the same requirements of a Group R-2 facility.

·         The facility is equipped with an approved automatic sprinkler system that activates the occupant notification system.
·         A manual fire alarm system
·        Single or multiple station smoke alarms installed inside each sleeping unit as well as outside each sleeping unit within immediate vicinity of the bedrooms.

Notification Requirements:

520 Hz low frequency sounders shall be installed in all sleeping areas.  Horns can be provided in common areas including but not limited to corridors, public restrooms, elevator lobbies, etc.  Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Note:  “Licensed” R-2.1 occupancies are required to be pre-wired for future adaptability.  This means you need to install either a conduit raceway or the necessary cable for the possibility that any room may convert to an accessible unit in the future.

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.
Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Sleeping Area Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds or a minimum of 75 dB whichever is greater.

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group R-2 and R-2.1 Occupancy

Group R-2 and R-2.1: (Residential)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.)

Pull Station Requirements:

·         Pull stations are not required if the facility is two stories or less in height and all individual sleeping units and contiguous attic and crawl spaces to the sleeping units are separated from one another and public/common spaces by a minimum of 1-hour partitions.  Each sleeping unit must also have a direct exit to a public way, egress court or yard.
·         Pull stations are not required to be installed when ALL of the following conditions exist:
o   The Group R-2 facility is equipped with an automatic sprinkler system
o   The occupant notification systems will activate upon sprinkler water flow
o   A minimum of one pull station shall be installed in an area approved by the local AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction)

UL 268 Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks

UL 216 Smoke Alarm Requirements:

Single or multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed in all of the following areas:
·         On the ceiling or wall outside of each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of bedrooms.
·         In every room used for sleeping purposes.
·         On every level of the dwelling unit including the basement.  This does not include crawl spaces or uninhabitable attics.  If the dwelling unit has split levels without a separation door then a smoke alarm shall be installed on the upper level predicated on the distance between the split levels being less than one full story.

Notification Requirements:

520 Hz low frequency sounders shall be installed in all sleeping areas.  Horns can be provided in common areas including but not limited to corridors, public restrooms, elevator lobbies, etc.  Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Note:  R-2 and R-2.1 occupancies are required to be pre-wired for future adaptability.  This means you need to install either a conduit raceway or the necessary cable for the possibility that any room may convert to an accessible unit in the future.

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.
Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Sleeping Area Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds or a minimum of 75 dB whichever is greater.

Fire alarm for R-2 and R-2.1 Occupancies

Group R-2: (College and University Buildings)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

An automatic smoke detection system that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.)

Pull Station Requirements:

·         A minimum of one pull station shall be installed in an area approved by the local AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction)

UL 216 Smoke Alarm Requirements:

Single or multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed in all of the following areas:
·         Sleeping areas
·         Each room in the path of the means of egress from sleeping area to the door leading to the sleeping unit
·         On each level within the sleeping unit.  This includes basements.  If the sleeping unit has split levels without a door separation, one smoke alarm on the upper level will suffice.  Note this is only for slip level where the distance between levels is less than one full story.
·         All smoke alarms in dwelling units and sleeping units shall be interconnected with the fire alarm system in accordance with NFPA 72.

UL 268 Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks
Automatic smoke detectors shall be provided in the following areas:
·         Common spaces outside of the dwelling/sleeping units
·         Laundry rooms, mechanical equipment rooms and storage rooms
·         Interior corridors serving dwelling/sleeping units
  
“Exception”
·         Smoke detection is not required in buildings without interior corridors serving the sleeping units.  This is predicated on the sleeping units having a means of egress door opening that leads directly to an exit.

Notification Requirements:

520 Hz low frequency sounders shall be installed in all sleeping areas.  Horns can be provided in common areas including but not limited to corridors, public restrooms, elevator lobbies, etc.  Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Note:  R-2 occupancies have a required amount of handicap accessible rooms that need to be provided with visible appliances.  This requires sounder/strobes, horn/strobes or speaker/strobes in the sleeping rooms and living rooms as well as a strobe in the restrooms.  Keep in mind that the strobe located in sleeping areas shall be 110 candela if the top of the lens is greater than or equal to 24 inches from the ceiling.  If the top of the lens is 23 inches or closer to the ceiling you shall provide a setting of 177 candela. ** These visible alarms shall activate upon system smoke detectors or single or multiple station smoke alarms.
** Use the ADA Room tool found in the main menu of this application to determine the quantity of accessible rooms you need to include in your design.

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.
Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Sleeping Area Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds or a minimum of 75 dB whichever is greater.

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group R-1 Occupancy

Group R-1: (Residential)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.)

Pull Station Requirements:

·         Pull stations are not required if the facility is two stories or less in height and all individual sleeping units and contiguous attic and crawl spaces to the sleeping units are separated from one another and public/common spaces by a minimum of 1-hour partitions.  Each sleeping unit must also have a direct exit to a public way, egress court or yard.
·         Pull stations are not required to be installed when ALL of the following conditions exist:
o   The Group R-1 facility is equipped with an automatic sprinkler system
o   The occupant notification systems will activate upon sprinkler water flow
o   A minimum of one pull station shall be installed in an area approved by the local AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction)

UL 268 Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks

Automatic smoke detectors are required to be installed in all interior corridors serving the sleeping units.

“Exception”
·         Automatic smoke detectors are not required to be installed in interior corridors if the building does not contain interior corridors serving the sleeping units where all sleeping units have a means of direct exit access to the exterior.

UL 216 Smoke Alarm Requirements:

Single or multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed in all of the following areas:
·         Sleeping areas
·         Each room in the path of the means of egress from sleeping area to the door leading to the sleeping unit
·         On each level within the sleeping unit.  This includes basements.  If the sleeping unit has split levels without a door separation, one smoke alarm on the upper level will suffice.  Note this is only for slip level where the distance between levels is less than one full story.

Notification Requirements:

520 Hz low frequency sounders shall be installed in all sleeping areas.  Horns can be provided in common areas including but not limited to corridors, public restrooms, elevator lobbies, etc.  Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Low frequency sounders for fire alarms in sleeping areasNote:  R-1 occupancies have a required amount of handicap accessible rooms that need to be provided with visible appliances.  This requires sounder/strobes, horn/strobes or speaker/strobes in the sleeping rooms and living rooms as well as a strobe in the restrooms.  Keep in mind that the strobe located in sleeping areas shall be 110 candela if the top of the lens is greater than or equal to 24 inches from the ceiling.  If the top of the lens is 23 inches or closer to the ceiling you shall provide a setting of 177 candela. ** These visible alarms shall activate upon system smoke detectors or single or multiple station smoke alarms.
** Use the ADA Room tool found in the main menu of this application to determine the quantity of accessible rooms you need to include in your design.

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.
Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Sleeping Area Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds or a minimum of 75 dB whichever is greater.

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group M Occupancy

Group M: (Mercantile)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.) shall be installed where ONE of the following conditions exist
·         The combined occupant load of the entire Group M facility is 500 or more persons
·         The occupant load is more than 100 persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge

“Exceptions”
·         Manual pull stations are not required to be provided in open mall buildings complying with Section 402 of the IBC International Building Code

If the facility is provided with an approved automatic sprinkler system in which the Waterflow activates the occupant notification system a minimum of one manual pull station is required to be provided in an area approved by the local AHJ (Authority Having Jurisdiction)

Note: Emergency voice/alarm communications systems shall be provided for high rise applications.  High rise buildings are classified by the International Building Code as a structure that has occupied floors located more than 75 feet above the lowest level of fire department vehicle access.

Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:  (Group M if 500 + persons or there are 100 + persons above or below the lowest level of exit discharge.
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks

Notification Requirements:

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater. 

Fire alarm requirements for Group M occupancies

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group I-4 Occupancy

Group I-4 (Institutional)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) that activates the occupant notification system (horns, strobes, sounders, speakers, chimes, mass notification, etc.)

Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks

Smoke Alarm Requirements:

Single or multiple station smoke alarms shall be installed in all I-4 occupancies used for Large Family Day Care.

Notification Requirements:

Audible (horns, sounders, speakers, etc.) shall be located in non-patient areas.  Visible appliances (strobes) are allowed to be used in place of audible appliances in patient occupied areas.  Keep in mind that if you choose to use audible appliances in patient occupied areas they must be chimes or similar sounding appliances to alert the staff. 

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater. 

Fire Alarm Requirements for Group I-3 Occupancy

Group I-3 (Institutional)

Systems only need to be monitored if the facility has 20 + sprinkler heads.

A manual fire alarm system (pull stations) along with an automatic smoke detection system that alerts the staff.

Activation of an automatic fire extinguishing system (ANSUL, FM-200, etc.), automatic sprinkler system, manual pull station or detector shall initiate an approved signal to notify the staff.

Pull Station Requirements:

Manual pull stations can be eliminated in areas where staff is present and have direct supervision over said areas.
Manual pull stations can be locked in areas that contain detainees.  This is predicated on the staff with keys being present in these areas.

Automatic Smoke Detection Requirements:

System smoke detectors shall be provided for all of the following applications:
·         Above control panels and power supplies
·         For the purpose of elevator capture
·         On all HVAC units over 2,000 CFM (Duct Detector)
·         For releasing service
·         Fire Smoke Dampers
·         Delayed egress locks

Smoke detectors shall be installed throughout resident housing areas, including sleeping units, contiguous day rooms, group activity spaces as well as other spaces normally accessible to residents.

“Exceptions”
·         If approved and if it provides equivalent protection, you can use other methods to obtain detection to avoid tampering or damage to the detectors.  This includes but is not limited to placing detectors behind protective guards or in the exhaust duct from inmate cells.
·         Sleeping units in Use Conditions 2 and 3 as described in Section 308 of the IBC International Building Code
·         When equipped with an automatic sprinkler system, smoke detectors are not required in sleeping units that have four or fewer occupants in smoke compartments.

Notification Requirements:

Public Mode Audibility: You must have 15 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.

Private Mode Audibility: You must have 10 dB above average ambient sound level or 5 dB above the maximum sound level for at least 60 seconds whichever is greater.